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Evidence-Based Nursing Practice: "How to Read"

EBN resources and strategies. (Including useful approaches for students in NURS604).


Truly understanding research articles can take years of practice. The resources shown here may help you get a grasp, as may the resources listed on the Background page.

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Understanding research articles

 (For additional sources for getting a handle on statisitcs, see the Statistics page.)

"How to Read a Paper" British Medical Journal series of articles by Trisha Greenhalgh (see also Greehalgh's book How to Read a Paper, 2014 or 2010 edition)


How to read a paper: The Medline database.  Greenhalgh T.  BMJ 1997; 315(7101): 180-3.

Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about).  Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7102): 243-246.

Assessing the methodological quality of published papers. Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7103): 305-308. SCROLL TO PAGE 305

Statistics for the non-statistician: Different types of data need different statistical tests. Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7104): 364-366. SCROLL TO PAGE 364

Statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls. Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7105): 422-425. SCROLL TO PAGE 422

Papers that report drug trials. Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7106): 480-483. SCROLL TO PAGE 480

Papers that report diagnostic or screening test. Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7107): 540-543.

Papers that tell you what things costs (economic analyses). Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7108): 596-599. SCROLL TO PAGE 596

Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses). Greenhalgh T. BMJ 1997; 315(7109): 672-675. SCROLL TO PAGE 672 

Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). Greenhalgh T, and Taylor R. BMJ 1997; 315(7110): 740-743. SCROLL TO PAGE 740