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Evidence-Based Nursing Practice: Citing sources

EBN resources and strategies. (Including useful approaches for students in NURS604).


Always give credit when you use someone else's work!

RefWorks Help

Need to pull together your references for a paper or presentation? Click HERE for a detailed guide to using RefWorks.

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Citation Management


RefWorks is a web-based program that allows you to easily collect, manage, and organize bibliographic citations by interfacing with databases. RefWorks also operates directly with MS Word, making it easy to import citations and incorporate them into your writing as properly formatted footnotes or parenthetical citations according to the style of your choice.

NOTE: The RefWorks providers themselves urge you to examine your citations carefully to make sure they are correctly imported and formatted. You may want to consult one of the Style Guides, such as those found below.

PubMed and RefWorks

At this time, there is no direct exporting of references from PubMed to RefWorks. Instead, you need to download the references and then import them into RefWorks. It is simpler than it sounds:

1.  Conduct your search in PubMed.

2.  Mark the records you wish to export.  To export all the citations do not select any citations.

3.  From Send to, select Citation Manager and click the Create File button.

4.  Using your browser's Save As function, navigate to the local drive and directory where you want to save the file and save the file in the *.nbib format.

5.  Log in to RefWorks.

6.  Select References/Import from the toolbar.

7.  Select NLM PubMed as the data source and as the database.

8.  Browse to find the .nbib file you saved to your computer.

9.  Click Import.

10. Your records should appear in the Last Imported Folder.

Style Guides

American Psychological Association (APA)

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Ed
REF BF76.7.P83 2010, 1 copy at the Reference Desk, 1 copy in the Reference Collection

  • Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles-MLA, APA, Chicago, the Sciences, Professions, and More (REF PN171.F56L55 2011)
  • APA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue University Online Writing Lab)